The cold and warm weather shift in autumn, so the body of dogs or cats are directly exposed to weather changes. The animals begin their molt and arm themselves against pathogenic influences that threaten their skin and fur. The animals change their summer fur and get the warm winter fur over a period of approximately six weeks.
The skin has important functions in the body, being the body’s largest organ of respiration. The animal breathes through the skin, the metabolic waste excreted. The skin not only has a protective function – to cold, to heat, to chemical substances, etc. It also has memory functions. The skin synthesizes keratin, used for the development of hair, nails and skin, for example, and it stores vitamins, water (moisture) and proteins.
Thus, the skin can also fulfill multiple responsibilities when it comes to a good supply of nutrients. A good supply of nutrients such as vitamin A or unsaturated omega fatty acids is a prerequisite for an optimum texture of the skin and fur. The animal lover must intervene for the optimization of the skin and fur, especially in autumn. Then comes the fur change, which protects the animal against cold and wetness.
The coat needs to be smooth, shiny and tight to fulfill its role in the fall and winter. Dry, dirty and tousled hair is a sign of deficiency symptoms in animals. The skin and hair should emit no odor. If a dog has “an intensive dog” smell, then it definitely has metabolic problems. Perspiration on the skin is “paradise” for external parasites – such as fleas, ticks and mites – and attracts them like a magnet.
Warm humid weather in autumn favors the appearance of grass mites and ticks, which have ideal living conditions in this season. The best temperature for them is about 18 degrees Celsius. Fleas look for a resting place on dogs and cats when it is a little colder in autumn.
The fur gives you hints about the health condition of the animal and the function of internal organs such as the liver, kidney, intestine and pancreas. The fur of the animal gives you further information on how your four-legged friend is supplied with nutrients. The most common deficiency which triggers an ill-looking and unhealthy skin is the lack of omega fatty acids. Fodder should always provide the required amount of omega fatty acids. Conclusion: Omega fatty acids are used as supplements to food. Omega fatty acids help dogs and cats, even when bone formation and protect the blood vessels.
Balanced and good wet food provides the so important omega fatty acids in sufficient quantities. They are good for the joints of adolescent and older animals. The fur is also important for the musculoskeletal system of your friends. The animals which are burdened with arthritic complaints respond to cold and damp winters with increased pain. Corresponding products promote blood circulation in the joint and relieve the discomfort. They also provide natural building materials for the affected cartilage. The immune system strengthens in the warm season and is tested in cold seasons. When autumn comes, you should try to strengthen the immune system of the dog. This includes not only the provision of natural vitamins, but you also need to ensure the body’s supply of enzymes and ferments.
The paws of our dogs need special care upon the occurrence of cold and wet seasons: They should remain soft and minor injuries should heal quickly. You should pay attention to whether the feet of your four-legged friends are cracked and brittle. Paw protection cream is best. This is to be applied to the paws before going for a walk. The switch from summer to autumn is a huge turning point not only for us humans, but for our animals, too. You have to help your four-legged friends to survive the transition phase and they will thank you.