Vaccinations have construed one of the largest debates since the implementation of them began. Originally, immunizations were created to shield off deadly and contagious disease that plagued our pets. Many of the diseases that ran rampant before the development of vaccines in 1950’s were canine distemper, canine parvo, rabies, and feline panleukopenia. Vaccines have had a very successful rate at decreasing and virtually eradicating the incidence of most pet diseases provided the pet is vaccinated.
Immunizations react within the body by stimulating the immune system with either an attenuated (weakened-live virus) or dead virus form of the disease. The body responds to the antigen by building up antibodies to protect against the disease. Then when the body comes into contact with the disease later it has antibodies to ward off the foreign disease because it was exposed via the vaccine to the strain of disease. Attenuated vaccines stimulate the immune response faster and last longer than the inactive/dead form of the virus. However, there can be some severe implications that can occur with an attenuated vaccine which can cause other diseases from the immune system being compromised. In-active vaccines usually take longer to build up antibodies in animals and typically don’t last as long either. They also require the use of adjuvants which extend and improve the immune systems reaction. In spite of this, adjuvants are being further examined for possible severe side-effects they are having on animals. Vaccines typically take around seven days generate an immune response and the best results are seen in healthy, unstressed animals.
The controversies surrounding vaccines are many and varied. In veterinarian medicine practices vaccines were established to ward of viruses, bacteria, and fungi. However, in today’s medical veterinary practices it seems vaccines are given routinely in response to diseases in spite of how frequent the disease is or if the result may be fatal to the particular animal. Furthermore, vaccines have become so common most families have scheduled appointments for yearly vaccinations. Initially, vaccines side-effects were thought to be rare, however, they are more common than previous believed which has formed a widespread debate over the appropriate use of vaccinations.
Hence, although there is much debate over the use of vaccines the benefits may outweigh some of the side effects on particular vaccines. It is best to research the vaccines you will be giving to your pet and determine what if any benefit they will be for your furry family member. Bottom line, in the end you can make the finally decision which vaccines are the best for your pets.